LAS VEGAS, NV – Multifamily starts are predicted to fall in 2023, following an unsustainable high level of production last year, according to the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB). Meanwhile, the remodeling sector remains on solid ground and will do better than the single-family and multifamily markets in 2023.
Multifamily construction boomed in 2022, up an estimated 15% from the previous year and exceeded a 500,000 annual pace—the first time since the Great Recession. However, NAHB is projecting that multifamily starts will fall 28% this year to a 391,000 total and will stabilize in 2024 at about 374,000 starts.
“Slowing rent growth, rising unemployment, tightening commercial real estate financing conditions and a substantial amount of supply in the construction pipeline have caused a large backlog of multifamily developments,” said NAHB Assistant Vice President for Forecasting and Analysis Danushka Nanayakkara-Skillington at a press conference held during the NAHB International Builders’ Show in Las Vegas.
There are currently 943,000 apartments under construction, up 24.9% compared to a year ago (755,000). This is the highest count of apartments under construction since 1974. Looking at another metric, eight of the top 10 multifamily markets, as measured by the number of permits, posted yearly increases from November 2021 to November 2022.
The New York-Newark-Jersey City region, the largest in the nation, registered a 9% increase in permits, while Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga., had the highest increase at 203%. The following markets all posted gains as well: Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas; Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, Texas; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif; Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.; Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.; and Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wisc. The markets in Austin-Round Rock, Texas, and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash., posted declines compared to the previous year.
Nanayakkara-Skillington noted that regulations greatly affect multifamily development costs, referencing research conducted by NAHB and the National Multifamily Housing Council. “Apartment and condo developments can be subject to a significant array of government regulations including zoning requirements, building codes, impact fees, permitting requirements, design standards and public land requirements, among others,” said Nanayakkara-Skillington. “These regulations are exacerbating the nation’s housing affordability crisis.”
Meanwhile, residential remodeling activity is estimated to increase 7% on a nominal basis in 2022 following a growth rate of 13% in 2021 as people continue to use their home for more purposes such as offices, schools and gyms. However, with housing demand weakening, remodeling growth is expected to slow, posting a nominal 5% gain this year and a 4% increase in 2024.
“Remodeling activity should start to pick up by the end of 2023 as interest rates on home improvement loans begin to trend downward,” said Nanayakkara-Skillington.Nanayakkara-Skillington also noted that the NAHB/Westlake Royal Remodeling Market Index was down year-over-year for the fourth quarter of 2022 but remained in positive territory with a reading of 66, well above the break-even point of 50.
Supply-side challenges have impacted all sectors of the housing market over the past several years, including a lack of skilled labor. There were 388,000 open construction positions in November 2022 compared to 352,000 a year ago. Builders are reporting shortages of labor in the following fields: framing crews, carpenters, bricklayers/masons, concrete workers, among others.Building material and product shortages have also been an issue for the industry.
NAHB data show that the products most difficult to get are appliances, transformers, windows, doors and HVAC equipment.In May of 2021, NAHB reported on historically widespread building material shortages, but since then, most of the shortages have eased—the major exceptions being shortages of HVAC equipment and certain categories of ceramic materials (ceramic tiles, clay bricks and cement-based building materials), which have gotten slightly worse.The cost of building materials has been another supply-side challenge for the industry, noted Nanayakkara-Skillington. “While the rate of increase in building materials is down year-over-year, costs still remain elevated,” she said.
The National Association of Homebuilders (NAHB) has warned that the state of the multifamily housing market in the United States could be on the decline in 2023. The association believes that reducing multifamily permits, rents and occupancy rates in 2020 – combined with an anticipated decrease in new construction – points to a weakening market over the next few years.
According to Russell Riggs, senior vice president of Multifamily Council at NAHB, this warning is based on the fact that 2020 saw a sharp decline in multifamily housing starts and issuance of construction permits. He predicts that this decline will persist over the next few years, leading to weaker conditions throughout the multifamily housing market.
The decline in multifamily housing starts can be attributed to numerous factors. Factors include the growth in the availability of single-family housing, rising construction costs and severe weather conditions in many areas of the country.
Riggs also notes that the coronavirus pandemic could be having an impact on multifamily housing. He states that, “The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting all facets of the multifamily housing industry, from construction to leasing and from operations to finance.” He further claims that the pandemic is compounding the current challenges faced by the market.
The NAHB has expressed concern about the potential impact that the weakening market could have on renters and developers. Riggs warns that lower rents could result in higher vacancy rates and reduced sales, which in turn could impact the ability of developers to construct new units on spec. He also expects that lower rents would mean that fewer people would be willing to move, or even live, in multifamily housing units.
The NAHB has offered some advice to developers looking to maintain their profitability in the face of the weakening market. They suggest that developers focus on improving operating efficiency, increasing amenity offerings, and enhancing marketing efforts to ensure their properties remain attractive to renters.
Although the outlook for multifamily housing in the coming years is not ideal, the NAHB believes that the market could remain relatively stable due to the resilience of the rental housing sector. They cite the newfound popularity of urban living, consumer preferences for convenience and access, and increasing corporate presence in cities as factors that will likely limit the decline in the multifamily housing market.
Overall, the NAHB is urging developers in the multifamily housing market to be prepared for potentially weaker conditions in 2023. They suggest that developers take proactive steps to maintain profitability and work to ensure that their properties can remain attractive to renters.