- Mexican Peso recovers from around weekly lows, and reclaims the 100-day SMA.
- Mexico’s Producer Price Index was softer than estimated, keeping Banxico’s hopes of easing policy next year alive.
- US Nonfarm Payrolls in November were better than foreseen, in contrast to previously released jobs data.
Mexican Peso (MXN) rallies against the US Dollar (USD) during the North American session on Friday, although data from the United States (US) showed the labor market is not as soft as suggested by previously released data during the week. Consequently, traders pared bets on rate cuts by the US Federal Reserve (Fed) for the next year while the Greenback rose. Nevertheless, the Mexican currency remains strong, as depicted by the USD/MXN trading at 17.39, losing 0.40% on the day.
Mexico’s economic docket revealed that inflation on the producer side was softer compared to October’s data, revealed the National Statistics Agency (INEGI). That reinforces the thesis that prices are slowing down, which leaves the Bank of Mexico (Banxico) officials scratching their heads as consumer inflation rises.
Across the border, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) revealed the labor market remains strong, with the economy adding more jobs than estimated by market participants, pushing the Unemployment Rate further away from projections of the Federal Reserve.
Daily digest market movers: Mexican Peso on the offensive despite solid US jobs report
- Mexico’s Produce Price Index (PPI) rose by 1.20% YoY in November, below October’s 1.30%. In month-over-month figures, the PPI rate plunged from 0.5% in October to -0.4% in November.
- The latest consumer inflation report in Mexico missed forecasts and exceeded October’s reading.
- Banxico’s officials recently expressed their desire to ease monetary policy, though the divergence in consumer and producer inflation could prevent a rate cut by the first quarter of 2024.
- Nevertheless, there is a dissenter as Deputy Governor Irene Espinosa pushed back and said inflationary risks remain and are growing.
- US Nonfarm Payrolls exceeded forecasts of 180K and rose by 199K in November, while the Unemployment Rate slid to 3.7% from 3.9%.
- Average Hourly Earnings, seen as a measure of inflation, grew as expected by 4%, while monthly data advanced by 0.4%, above previous month’s 0.2%.
- Following the US employment report, jobs data suggests the labor market is cooling, but at a slower pace than expected by traders. Per the market’s reaction, investors were overly aggressive on the Fed rate cut expectations, with market participants pairing the Federal Reserve’s rate-cut bets for the next year. According to data from the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), 120 basis points of rate cuts are estimated, 20 bps less than a week ago.
Technical Analysis: Mexican Peso buyers regain control as the USD/MXN slumps below the 100-day SMA
The USD/MXN shifted gears and is sliding below the 100-day Simple Moving Average (SMA), which lies at 17.39, suggesting that sellers are in charge but they would need a daily close below that level to extend its losses. The first support level is seen at the current week’s low of 17.16, followed by the area within the 17.00/05 range.
On the other hand, if USD/MXN buyers reclaim the 100-day SMA, that could open the door to challenging the 17.50 psychological level. A breach of the latter will expose the 200-day SMA at 17.55 will be exposed, followed by the 50-day SMA at 17.67.
What is the Bank of Mexico?
The Bank of Mexico, also known as Banxico, is the country’s central bank. Its mission is to preserve the value of Mexico’s currency, the Mexican Peso (MXN), and to set the monetary policy. To this end, its main objective is to maintain low and stable inflation within target levels – at or close to its target of 3%, the midpoint in a tolerance band of between 2% and 4%.
How does the Bank of Mexico’s monetary policy influence the Mexican Peso?
The main tool of the Banxico to guide monetary policy is by setting interest rates. When inflation is above target, the bank will attempt to tame it by raising rates, making it more expensive for households and businesses to borrow money and thus cooling the economy. Higher interest rates are generally positive for the Mexican Peso (MXN) as they lead to higher yields, making the country a more attractive place for investors. On the contrary, lower interest rates tend to weaken MXN. The rate differential with the USD, or how the Banxico is expected to set interest rates compared with the US Federal Reserve (Fed), is a key factor.
How often does the Bank of Mexico meet during the year?
Banxico meets eight times a year, and its monetary policy is greatly influenced by decisions of the US Federal Reserve (Fed). Therefore, the central bank’s decision-making committee usually gathers a week after the Fed. In doing so, Banxico reacts and sometimes anticipates monetary policy measures set by the Federal Reserve. For example, after the Covid-19 pandemic, before the Fed raised rates, Banxico did it first in an attempt to diminish the chances of a substantial depreciation of the Mexican Peso (MXN) and to prevent capital outflows that could destabilize the country.
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The Mexican Peso has experienced strong counterattack against the US Dollar this week after particularly robust Nonfarm Payroll figures in the United States.
The Nonfarm Payrolls show that the US economy added 2.5 million jobs in May, the largest increase since 1939 and far exceeding analyst expectations. After the data was released the US Dollar weakened considerably, affecting the exchange rate of the Mexican Peso.
The Mexican Peso quickly appreciated in value against the USD and continued its rally, rising by almost 2% against the greenback in a single session. This is the Mexican currency’s strongest advance against the Dollar since March of this year, when it hit a nine-year low.
The increase in the Peso’s value has been attributed to a combination of factors, including the strong US employment data and a revival of investor optimism stemming from the easing of coronavirus-related restrictions in Mexico. The Mexican central bank and its government have also taken measures to stabilize the currency, such as increasing liquidity in the money markets and buying the Peso.
Moreover, the Peso’s rise against the Dollar is likely to continue in the near term. Analysts expect the Peso to remain stable in the coming weeks as investors continue to seek out higher-yielding assets.
Overall, the Mexican Peso’s resilience in the face of a weaker US Dollar along with investor confidence has made it one of the better performing currencies of the year so far.