- Gold price dives on a surprisingly positive US S&P Global PMIs.
- Improvement in business activity in the US bolstered the US Dollar.
- The US Federal Reserve is expected to hike rates by 25 bps at the May meeting – FedWatch Tool.
Gold price plunges below $2,000 and hit a daily low of $1,971.74 after the release of economic data from the United States (US) showed that the economy continues to expand, despite recent reports flashing a recession. Therefore, XAU/USD is trading at $1,982.78, losses 1.07%, at the time of writing.
US business activity picked up, Gold tumbles
S&P Global reported the final PMI readings for the US, which surprised most investors, which were caught off guard, as shown by the market’s reaction. The S&P Global Manufacturing PMI was 50.4, above 49 estimates, while the Services rose to 53.7, exceeding the consensus of 51.5. Therefore, the Composite reading was 53.5, above its previous reading.
As a result, XAU/USD spiked to $1,997.95 before tanking toward a two-day low of $1971.30, $1.5 above the S3 daily pivot point and shy of testing the weekly low of $1,968.80. Conversely, US Treasury bond yields climbed, as the report signals that inflation could rise, with 2s and 10s, gaining each three basis points, at 4.184% and 3.564%, respectively.
In the meantime, the CME FedWatch Tool, which forecasts the next move of the US Federal Reserve (Fed), keeps odds at 88% for a 25 bps rate hike at the May 2-3 meeting. Hence, the greenback is pairing some of its Thursday’s losses, as shown by the US Dollar Index (DXY), which tracks the buck’s performance vs. six peers, up at 0.14% at 101.936.
On Thursday, Federal Reserve officials crossed newswires. Philadelphia Fed President Patrick Harker suggested the US central bank is close to ending its campaign to control inflation. At the same time, Cleveland’s Loretta Mester believes rates should go above 5% due to high inflation. The current benchmark rate is between 4.75% and 5%.
XAU/USD Technical Analysis
From a technical perspective, Gold finally broke below the 20-day Exponential Moving Average (EMA) at 1988.01, which could pave the way for further downside. It should be said the 20-day EMA has been dynamic support for Gold buyers, meaning that sellers must keep prices below $1,988. If XAU/USD sellers want to cement their case, a break below the weekly low of $1,969.34 could keep them on the path toward the $1,950 area before testing the 50-day EMA at $1,944.87. Otherwise, XAU’s buyers, once reclaiming $1,990, could pave the way for a retest of $2,000.
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The gold price is starting to watch the downside after recent predictions of a global recession and increasing demand for the safe-haven asset ebbed. More recently, renewed optimism around consumer spending and manufacturing data, signaling possible economic recovery, caused the gold price to stumble to around $1,990 per ounce before reversing its steep losses.
Few investors expected such a sharp drop in the gold price. Market analysts had predicted the safe-haven asset would remain resilient against US macroeconomic numbers. However, the US Manufacturing PMI contracted at a slower rate than expected, down from a low of 34.4 in April to a far more optimistic 49.6 in the month of June. Furthermore, the US Service PMI jumped from a low of 26.7 in April to an optimistic 53.6 in the month of June, adding to the growing optimism around the health of the US economy.
While these macroeconomic indicators paint a rosier picture of the US economy, the gold price is still feeling the reverberations and could continue to falter until we see unambiguous signs of a rebound. As uncertainty lingers in the equity markets, investors are unlikely to flock to the shiny yellow metal in search of stabilization.
Furthermore, recent news from the US Federal Reserve has also weighed on the gold price. In its latest policy statement, the Fed kept interest rates unchanged but noted that the economy is slowly recovering from the economic shock caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The Fed also noted that it expects to hold rates near zero for the foreseeable future, sapping investor confidence in gold and increasing the weight of the depressing macroeconomic figures.
All in all, gold has seen its most significant correction in years and is unlikely to rally significantly in the near-term. An improved outlook on the US economy coupled with protective measures from the Fed could keep a lid on the gold price until further notice.